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Science To Achieve Results (STAR) Program

Published on AidPage by IDILOGIC on Jun 24, 2005

Purpose of this program:

To (1) Support research to determine the environmental and human health effects of air quality, drinking water, water quality, hazardous waste, toxic substances, and pesticides; (2) identify, develop, and demonstrate effective pollution control techniques; and (3) support research to explore and develop strategies and mechanisms for those in the economic, social, governmental, and environmental systems to use in environmental management decisions. Competitive RFAs (requests for applications) for grants in these areas are announced widely through the Federal Register, Internet, university and scientific organizations, among other mechanisms. Applicants must propose EPA mission relevant research based on excellent science as determined through peer review by experts drawn from the national and international scientific community. Funding Priority: The STAR (Science To Achieve Results) Program will fund the highest quality academic research in the following nine priority areas: (1) safe drinking water: research proposing innovative approaches for estimating microbial risk in drinking water; (2) high priority air pollutants: research that can elucidate an improved understanding of the sources and the accumulation of airborne, carbonaceous and fine particulate matter; epidemiologic research on health effects of long-term exposure to ambient particulate matter and other air pollutants; and research on the consequences of climate and land use on air pollutant emissions; (3) research to improve human health (including children's) risk assessment: new approaches that can lead to the development of high-throughput screening systems to assist in prioritization of chemicals for further screening and testing of their potential as endocrine disruptors; research centers addressing environmental children's health issues; research exploring pathways of toxicity across species; longitudinal case studies quantifying the chemical, physical, and behavioral factors that lead to non-occupational human exposures to pesticides in the United States; and endocrine disrupting chemical exposure research; (4) research to improve ecological risk assessment: research developing new indicators of water quality and ecosystem health, including genomic-based indicators; (5) emerging research issues: innovative, and possibly high risk, research that may help define and understand significant emerging environmental problems; (6) water and watersheds: development of regionalized watershed classification schemes that can be used within the context of a national framework for determining ecosystem vulnerability, designing monitoring systems and identifying watershed restoration opportunities; research which supports setting biocriteria for aquatic life; and research addressing fundamental ecological and oceanographic questions related to harmful algal blooms; (7) environmental statistics: conducting unique statistical analyses of existing environmental and human health related data; (8) pollution prevention and new technologies: research in Green Chemistry topics in addition to other pollution prevention engineering technologies. Includes research in solvent substitution, bioengineering, environmental decision tools development, more efficient catalysis, process modification/improvement, environmentally benign manufacturing, reaction modifications, life-cycle analysis, simulations, modeling and industrial ecology; and (9) Economic and Social Science Research: research focusing on factors that influence polluter decisions related to the environment, including various types of government interactions; research to develop a portfolio of feasible incentive program designs based on theoretical, experimental and empirical research and building a relatively complete bibliography of empirical results demonstrating the performance of incentive programs with different types of entities and circumstances;